Pokeweed Vs. Elderberry: Learning the Differences that are Essential to Good Health
One of the most significant issues with herb usage is gathering them properly. Proper harvesting doesn't just mean finding out where they grow and uprooting them when ripe; it also means distinguishing them from similar plants. With the way plants mimic each other, this is more tricky than you’d expect.
There are tons of plants with similar properties that even eye tests may not be sufficient to differentiate them. It's why we have botanists studying these plants. The fruits of those studies are found in the knowledge we have today about different weeds and their lookalikes.
In today's case, we have Pokeweed and Elderberry. These are two plants that are often confused with each other. So, if you’ve never seen them before, you could mistake one for the other.
Today’s article is about their differences, and it is one to pay attention to if you are a herb gatherer. While these two plants may seem like shiny berries on green shrubs, one group is safe, while the other is outright poisonous!
So, read on to discover the significant differences between Pokeweed and Elderberry if you don't want to pick the wrong herbs.
What Is Pokeweed?
Despite their similar looks, Pokeweed and Elderberry do not come from the same family. Pokeweed, for instance, is a perennial plant from Native America that grows up to 20 feet in height. Its berries come out green but turn dark magenta as they ripen.
At the same time, this herb is known for its toxicity. Every part of this herb, from the stem to the berries, is poisonous, so consumption is ill-advised. However, this is specific to us humans, as birds and wild animals are known to consume the fruits of this herb without complications.
So, what are the telling features of Pokeweed? Let’s have a look:
Features of Pokeweed
The berries of Pokeweed grow and form thin, long clusters. They come out green but develop an intense magenta color similar to blackberries.
Growth can be horizontal or vertical, but they tend to develop a 'corn on the cob' structure.
The leaves of Pokeweed are smooth to the touch.
The flowers can be white to pinkish and grow in clusters at the end of the stem. However, these flowers have no petals and die off before the berries start growing.
The plants are free from diseases.
What is Pokeweed Used for?
Despite all parts of the Pokeweed being toxic to humans, it still has its benefits. For instance, its berries serve as valuable food to birds and wild animals. At the same time, natives have adopted this plant to provide herb-related relief.
In addition, the intense magenta color of the pokeweed berries drives their use as a substitute dye.
What is Elderberry?
Unlike Pokeweeds, Elderberries are tiny fruits that grow in long but round clusters. Think of a cylinder with berries attached to it, and that's what the Elderberry herb looks like. They grow well in shaded areas with well-draining soil, and the bushes could reach up to 20 feet in height and width.
Unlike Pokeweed, Elderberries do not contain toxins that are poisonous to man. That means that the dark purple berries of this herb are safe to consume as long as you do so when ripe. But be careful when growing them because Aphids are known to be huge fans of the plant and its fruits.
Some features of Elderberry are used to distinguish it from Pokeweed. Let's have a look:
Features of Elderberry
- The flowers of Elderberry are always white and have five petals that die off for the berries to start growing.
- Unlike Pokeweeds, Elderberry leaves have jagged edges you can feel when touching them.
- The leaves also have veins running along the top right until the jagged edges.
- The berries are dark purple, and they have a somewhat tart flavor.
- The berries are safe to consume, unlike Pokeweed.
What is Elderberry Used for?
The most common use of Elderberry lies with its ripe berries. They are used by many as an herbal remedy for ailments like stuffed noses. Elderberry is also known for its other products, including elderflower wine, gummies, and syrup.
Pokeberry Vs. Elderberry: Getting Rid of the Confusion
Some similarities make it hard to tell Pokeweeds and Elderberries apart confidently and on the spot. At the same time, a couple of distinct features set them apart. So, what are these differences?
What Differences Separate Them?
Significant differences are found in the structural features of these plants. On the one hand, Pokeweeds have red stems, smooth leaves, and flowers with no petals and grow in long, cob-like clusters. Elderberries grow in round clusters and have smaller fruits, jagged leaves, and flowers with petals.
Another telling difference is the growth condition of these two herbs. For instance, Pokeweeds are known to grow where the soil is dry but fertile and in full or partial sun. That is why you can find them on fences, roadways, and open woodland areas.
On the other hand, Elderberries need damp soil to thrive, making them more popular near rivers and creeks.
The most crucial difference lies beyond their features and habitat but in their taste. As we've said earlier, all parts of the Pokeweed are toxic to humans, regardless of their cooked or raw state. However, Elderberries are not just edible; they taste good and are used for wine, jellies, and syrup.
Tons of plants and herbs look like each other, so it's important to do your homework before setting out to acquire them. That is critical if you aim to use herbs for health or consumption, as you could do more harm than good when you're not careful.
In the case of Pokeweed and Elderberry, their differences lie in their physical features, particularly their leaves and flowers. Proper knowledge of these features can help you avoid the wrong choices the next time you’re in the wildlife for any of these plants.